ESD - Ethics

Publication Ethics and Malpractice Statement


The prevention of publication malpractice is the responsibility of each individual author, reviewer, editor and publisher.
 This clear and consistent Publication Ethics and Malpractice Statement is displayed on the Ekonomika journal’s website. Simultaneously, the Editorial Board of the Journal and Society of Economists Ekonomika, Niš, as the publisher of Economics of Sustainable Development, take responsibility for conducting this policy of the Journal.
 First of all, in the field of Publication and Authorship, it is important that each published article should contain the list of references and the institution – if one exists – which has financially supported the research carried out. The article must not be a plagiarism, and must not contain fraudulent data, either. It is also forbidden to publish the same research in more than one journal.

 Author’s Responsibilities:
All authors must significantly contribute to the research. Authors are obliged to sign a statement that all the research in the submitted manuscript is original and that the content reproduced from other sources is acknowledged and referenced. Apart from this, authors should confirm that all the data stated in the article are real and authentic, and that – in case of need – provide the retraction of the article or the corrections of mistakes. Authors should also confirm that the manuscript submitted for reviewing is not in the procedure of being reviewed nor has been accepted for publication in any other journal. Reviewer’s Responsibilities:
Through an objective and timely review of the submitted manuscripts, reviewers should contribute to the decision-making process and help improve the quality of the published article. Reviewers must not have any conflict of interest with respect to the research, the authors and/or the research funders. Reviewers are expected to warn the editor of any published or submitted content essentially similar to the manuscript being reviewed. Reviewers should point out the relevant published work which is not cited in the manuscript. Reviewed articles should be treated confidentially. Manuscripts must not be retained, or copied, either.   Editors Responsibilities:
The editor is expected to act in a balanced, objective and fair way in the performing of his/her expected duties, not discriminating authors on any grounds. The editor has complete responsibility and authority to reject/accept an article. The editor should have no conflict of interest with respect to articles he/she rejects/accepts. An article is accepted when it is reasonably certain. Once errors have been found, the editor promotes publication of correction or retraction. The editor is responsible for preserving the anonymity of reviewers. In the case of complaints of an ethical or conflict nature, the editor should adopt and conduct acceptable procedures which are in compliance with the policies and procedures of the related society. Authors should be given an opportunity to respond to any complaint. Publisher’s Responsibilities:
Society of Economists Ekonomika, Niš, as the publisher of the Economics of Sustainable Development, will ensure the maintenance of good practice according to the above outlined standards. Specially Relevant Publication Ethics Issues:

  • To monitor and safeguard publishing ethics;

  • To apply standard procedures of articles retraction, if needed;

  • To publish corrections, clarifications, retractions and apologies, whenever needed;

  • To maintain the integrity of the academic record;

  • To preclude business needs from compromising intellectual and ethical standards;

  • To prevent plagiarisms and fraudulent data from being published.


Ekonomika Copyright and Open Access Journal Policy cc

The Ekonomika Open Access publishes open access articles under the terms of  The Creative Commons Attribution Noncommercial (CC-BY-NC) License, which permits, use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. Copyright on any research article in a journal published by Ekonomika Open Access is retained by the author(s). Authors grant Economics of Sustainable Development a license to publish the article and identify itself as the original publisher.

Copyright on any research article published by a Ekonomika Open Access journal is retained by the author(s). Authors grant Ekonomika Open Access a license to publish the article and identify itself as the original publisher. The authors also grant any third party the right to use the article freely as long as its original authors, citation details and publisher are identified.

Use of the article in whole or part in any medium, requires attribution suitable in form and content as follows: [Title of Article/Author/Journal Title and Volume/Issue. Copyright (c) [year] [copyright owner as specified in the Journal]. Links to the final article on Ekonomika website-Economics of Sustainable Development are encouraged where applicable.

The Creative Commons Attribution License does not affect the moral rights of authors, including, without limitation the right not to have their work subjected to derogatory treatment. It also does not affect any other rights held by the authors or third parties in the article, including, without limitation the rights of privacy and publicity. Use of the article must not assert or imply, whether implicitly or explicitly, any connection with, endorsement or sponsorship of such use by the author, publisher or any other party associated with the article.

For any reuse or distribution, users must include the copyright notice and make clear to others that the article is made available under a Creative Commons Attribution license, linking to the relevant Creative Commons web page. Users may impose no restrictions on use of the article other than those imposed by the Creative Commons Attribution license.

To the fullest extent permitted by applicable law, the article is made available as is and without representation or warranties of any kind, whether express, implied, statutory or otherwise and including, without limitation, warranties of title, merchantability, fitness for a particular purpose, non-infringement, absence of defects, accuracy, or the presence or absence of errors.

Creative Commons лиценца

The Creative Commons Attribution Noncommercial (CC-BY-NC) License permits, use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited and is not used for commercial purposes.

Copyright on any research article published by a Economics of Sustainable Development is retained by the author(s). Authors grant Economics of Sustainable Development to publish the article and identify itself as the original publisher. The authors also grant any third party the right to use the article freely as long as its integrity is maintained and its original authors, citation details and publisher are identified. 

Use by non-commercial users

For non-commercial and non-promotional purposes individual users may access, download, copy, display and redistribute to colleagues Economics of Sustainable Development articles, as well as adapt, translate, text- and data-mine the content subject to the following conditions: The authors' moral rights are not compromised. These rights include the right of "paternity" (also known as "attribution" - the right for the author to be identified as such) and "integrity" (the right of the author not to have the work altered in such a way that the author's reputation or integrity may be impugned). Where content in the article is identified as belonging to a third party, it is the obligation of the user to ensure that any reuse complies with the copyright policies of the owner of that content. 

If the article content is copied, downloaded or otherwise reused for non-commercial research and education purposes, a link to the appropriate bibliographic citation (authors, journal, article title, volume, issue, page numbers, DOI and the link to the definitive published version on Economics of Sustainable Development Online Archives) should be maintained. Copyright notices and disclaimers must not be deleted. Any translations, for which a prior translation agreement with Economics of Sustainable Development has not been agreed, must prominently display the statement: "This is an unofficial translation of an article that appeared in a Ekonomika. The publisher has not endorsed this translation."

Use by commercial "for-profit" organizations

Use of Economics of Sustainable Development articles for commercial, promotional, or marketing purposes requires further explicit permission from Ekonomika ( and will be subject to a fee. Commercial purposes include:

  • Copying or downloading of articles, or linking to such articles for further redistribution, sale or licensing;

  • Copying, downloading or posting by a site or service that incorporates advertising with such content; 

  • The inclusion or incorporation of article content in other works or services (other than normal quotations with an appropriate citation) that is then available for sale or licensing, for a fee (for example, a compilation produced for marketing purposes, inclusion in a sales pack); 

  • The use of article content (other than normal quotations with appropriate citation) by for-profit organizations for promotional purposes; Linking to article content in e-mails redistributed for promotional, marketing or educational purposes; 

Use for the purposes of monetary reward by means of sale, resale, license, loan, transfer or other form of commercial exploitation such as marketing products. 


Economics of Sustainable Development Open Access articles posted to repositories or websites are without warranty from Economics of Sustainable Development of any kind, either express or implied, including, but not limited to, warranties of merchantability, fitness for a particular purpose, or non-infringement. To the fullest extent permitted by law Economics of Sustainable Development disclaims all liability for any loss or damage arising out of, or in connection, with the use of or inability to use the content.

Author's archiving policy

This journal permits authors archive their article in open access repositories as "post-prints" incorporating changes as suggested by peer review comments. As far as this journal is concerned, we place the author in the forefront. So there are no strings attached as far as their right to archive their work. This journal permits the author to archive their final published version in the format of their choice.
We believe in true open source.